lunes, 15 de abril de 2013

CASO: UNITED STATE VS. TRANS MISSOURI RAIL ROAD

Es un caso en el cual los ferrocarrileros habían acordado fijar precios para el transporte ferroviario de modo tal que nadie podía bajar esas tarifas, la corte considero esa conducta ilegal Perse, porque violaba la libertad de competencia.

United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association, 166 U.S. 290 (1897)[1], was a United States Supreme Court case holding that the Sherman Act (which was an antitrust measure that prohibited anticompetitive behavior in commerce) applied to the railroad industry, even though the U.S. Congress had enacted a comprehensive regime of regulations for that injury.

Various railroad companies had formed an organization to regulate prices charged for transportation. The federal government charged these companies with violating the Sherman Act, and the railroad companies replied that they were not in violation of the act because their organization was designed to keep prices low, not to push them higher. The Supreme Court disagreed, holding that the Sherman Act prohibited all such combinations, irrespective of the purpose.

The companies also contended that Congress had not intended the Sherman Act to apply to them, because there were already a wide array of laws governing the railroads. The Court also rejected this argument, noting that no exception was stated in the Sherman Act.

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